What are the symptoms?
Many people that have tested positive for COVID-19 have no symptoms at all.
Others may develop flu like symptoms such as:
Shortness of breath, and other respiratory complaints.
Severe infections can result in severe acute respiratory syndrome, and renal failure and can even be fatal.
How is it spread?
As with other flu’s the virus is spread mainly via respiratory droplets when a person sneezes or coughs.
Basic Protective measures
Wash your hands regularly and thoroughly and with alcohol - based hand rub, or soap and water, especially after touching surfaces that may have been touched by others.
Wear a mask. While wearing a mask, hasn’t been shown to be particularly effective in protecting yourself, it will protect those around you and prevent the spread because it stops potentially infected droplets being dispersed into the air.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
Maintain social distancing, leaving at least 1.5m between yourself and another person. This reduces the risk of breathing in small droplets if someone close by coughs or sneezes.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth because when you touch surfaces your hands can transfer the virus to your nose, eyes or mouth and infect you.
Cough or sneeze into a tissue and dispose of it immediately. If you don’t have a tissue, use a bent elbow. Don’t cover your nose or mouth with your hand.
Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that you touch frequently.
How is COVID-19 treated?
Current treatment is symptomatic.
You can take paracetamol and or Ibuprofen for fever and aches and pains.
If you have a productive cough, you can take a cough syrup. If you are battling to breathe, you may need oxygen from a clinic or hospital.
Antibiotics do not work for COVID-19, but if you develop a secondary bacterial infection, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic.
To date, there are no antivirals that have been shown conclusively to work, but research is continuing in that area.
What should I do if I suspect I have COVID-19?
Seek medical help from a healthcare practitioner or your closest clinic. You should preferable phone or text your Doctor to avoid contact and spread.
Isolate yourself at home and avoid contact with others as much as possible.